Medications for PTSD




Post-traumatic Stress and a new generation of veterans

What is post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Describing post traumatic stress in combat veterans

Describing post traumatic stress in combat veterans

Remember those who are supporting our freedom yesterday, today and in the future

Spousal Post-traumatic stress and effects on families and friends

What are the symptoms of post-traumatic stress

What are the diagnosis of post-traumatic stress

Treatment Methods for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Misdiagnosis of PTSD as another preexisting disorder is becoming used by DoD doctors to discharge military personal with no outside benefits

The USA is experiencing an upword cases of Suicide

Remember those who are supporting our freedom yesterday, today and in the future
Females in Combat

Shortchanging Vets

Remember those who are supporting our freedom yesterday, today and in the future

How Personal health is affected by post traumatic stress disorder

National Service Organizations that help veterans with ptsd

Personal experiences with the Department of Veterans Affairs

Remember those who are supporting our freedom yesterday, today and in the future

Remember those who are supporting our freedom yesterday, today and in the future

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Information Bookstore

With PTSD a little humor must shine!

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) links Page

 


MEDICATIONS

This chart lists the names of drugs commonly prescribed for anxiety disorders, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, the disorder for which they're indicated, and how they are thought to work.
NOTE: The information in this table applies to the treatment of anxiety disorders in adults age 18 and older, not to the treatment of these conditions in children and adolescents.

KEY

GAD = Generalized anxiety disorder
OCD = Obsessive-compulsive disorder
PD = Panic disorder
PTSD = Posttraumatic stress disorder
SAD = Social anxiety disorder
* Generic commercially available
FDA approved for the treatment of one or more anxiety disorders

Drug Class Brand Name Generic Name Target Anxiety Disorder How It's Thought to Work
Antidepressants
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Celexa
Lexapro †
Luvox †
Luvox CR †
Paxil * †
Prozac * †
Zoloft †
Citalopram
Escitalopram
Fluvoxamine
Paroxetine
Fluoxetine
Sertraline
PD, OCD, SAD, GAD, PTSD Affects the concentration and activity of the neurotransmitter serotonin, a chemical in the brain thought to be linked to anxiety disorders.
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
Adapin *
Anafranil *
Aventyl *
Elavil *
Ludiomil *
Norpramin *
Pamelor *
Sinequan *
Surmontil *
Tofranil *
Vivactil *
Doxepin
Clomiprimine
Nortriptyline
Amitriptyline
Maprotiline
Desipramine
Nortriptyline
Doxepin
Trimipramine
Imipramine
Protriptyline
PD, PTSD, GAD
OCD (Anafranil only)
Affects the concentration and activity of the eurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine, chemicals in the brain thought to be linked to anxiety disorders.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Marplan *
Nardil *
Parnate *
Isocarboxid
Phenelzine
Tranylcypromine
PD, SAD, PTSD Blocks the effect of an important brain enzyme, preventing the breakdown of serotonin and norepinephrine.
Other Antidepressants Cymbalta
Desyrel *
Effexor †
Remeron
Duloxetine
Trazodone
Venlafaxine
MIrtazapine
PD, OCD, SAD, GAD, PTSD (sparse data for PTSD)

Affects the concentration of the neurotransmitters serotonin and/or norepinephrine, chemicals in the brain thought to be linked to anxiety disorders.
Wellbutrin Bupropion No current indication for any anxiety disorder.
Depression, possibly ADHD
Exact mechanism unknown;
effects may be mediated through the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine.

Anxiolytics

Azapirones

BuSpar * †

Buspirone

GAD

Enhances the activity of serotonin.

Benzodiazepines

Ativan *
Dalmane *
Klonopin * †
Halcion *
Librium *
Restoril *
Serax *
Tranxene *
Valium *
Xanax * †

Lorazepam
Flurazepam
Clonazepam
Triazolam
Chlordiazepoxide
Temazepam
Oxazepam
Clorazepate
Diazepam
Alprazolam

GAD, SAD, PD

Exact mechanism unknown;
some research shown to enhance the function of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)
.

Antihistamines

Atarax, Vistaril * Hydroxyzine GAD

Sedative effects through blockade of histamine receptors in the brain.

Anticonvulsants

Augmentation therapy

These medications may be added when symptoms respond partially to another medication to increase the overall response to treatment.

Gabitril
Neurontin

Tiagabine
Gabapentin

Enhances the function of GABA.
Depakote *
Lamictal
Topimax

Valproate
Lamotrigine
Topiramate

Exact mechanisms unknown; possible effects include enhancing or inhibiting effects of neurotransmitters associated with anxiety and blockade of sodium channels in the brain.

Noradrenergic Agents

Beta Blockers

Inderal *
Tenormin *

Propranolol
Atenolol
Prazosin

Performance anxiety, possibly PD Blocks receptors associated with physiologic symptoms of anxiety.

Alpha Blocker

Minipress *

Prazosin PTSD (nightmares)

Catapres
Tenex

Clonidine
Guanfacine

Some evidence in PTSD, anticipatory anxiety
Atypical Antipsychotics Augmentation therapy These medications may be added when symptoms respond partially to another medication to increase the overall response to treatment.
Abilify
Geodon
Risperdal
Seroquel
Zyprexa
Aripiprazole
Ziprasidone
Risperidone
Quetiepine
Olanzapine
Affects the concentration and activity of the neurotransmitter serotonin, a chemical in the brain thought to be linked to anxiety disorders.

DISCLAIMER
The information above is for educational purposes only. Talk to your doctor if you have questions or are experiencing side effects with a medication.


Updated 04/08

This material was supported by an educational grant from SmithKline Beecham.

 


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